Applied Learning

Beta Site

The content on the beta website is accurate and up to date. Feel free to explore and your feedback will help us improve this website.

Applied Learning

Applied Learning refers to an approach that emphasises authentic and practice-oriented learning experiences, and is not necessarily restricted to vocational or technical education. It gives students additional opportunities to acquire skills and qualities based on the practical application of knowledge in real-world contexts, and strongly supports our focus on developing 21st century competencies and values in our students.

Applied Learning in schools is characterised by these features:

  1. Emphasises the relevance of what is being learnt to current needs and future trends of industries;
  2. Provides hands-on or experiential learning for students to enact authentic scenarios;
  3. Equips students with the skills to engage in the practical application of knowledge; and
  4. Could involve partnering the industry, community, institutions of higher learning, and/or professional training bodies.

While the Applied Learning approach is integrated within the various subjects studied in school, additional opportunities for students to experience applied learning include the Applied Learning Programme (ALP) and Learning for Life Programme (LLP) in both primary and secondary schools, Applied Subjects, Advanced Elective Modules (AEM) and Elective Modules (EM) for secondary school students. More information on these opportunities can be found below.

Applied Subjects

Applied Subjects broaden students’ educational experience in secondary school and expand their range of post-secondary education and subsequent career options. They cater to students who have the interest in and aptitude for specific fields of applied study.

MOE Applied Subjects are O-level subjects and MOE-ITE Applied Subjects are N(T)-level subjects. Both are offered at the upper secondary level.

MOE Applied Subjects


The subject aims to develop in students the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to understanding and solving real-world problems using computers. The focus will be on the development and application of computational thinking skills to formulate computing solutions.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Computing.


The subject aims to give a balanced coverage between theoretical content knowledge (fundamentals of electricity, analogue electronics and digital electronics) and the development of problem solving and systems thinking skills through the engineering design process. The process guides the students to create functional products to solve real-life problems.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Electronics.

Exercise and Sports Science

The subject covers various aspects of sports science, including exercise physiology, biomechanics, sports psychology and motor learning and development, with an understanding of sociology in relation to sports. Students will also acquire movement concepts and motor skills to be proficient in performing physical activities, and analyse and evaluate performance in physical activities for improvement.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Exercise and Sports Science with effect from 2018.


The subject aims to develop students’ understanding of drama through practical and theoretical study. It fosters in students an understanding of the devising, analysis and performance process and enables them to evaluate those processes to better communicate their ideas to an audience.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Drama with effect from 2018.

MOE-ITE Applied Subjects

Mobile Robotics

The subject covers basic knowledge and skills in electricity, electronics, mechanical design and intelligent control. It emphasises the application of technical knowledge and skills to design and build mobile robots for the performance of specified tasks. Students will learn through the use of the mobile robot kits and logic trainers to facilitate the practical application of knowledge.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Mobile Robotics.

Smart Electrical Technology

The subject aims to provide students with the core, foundational concepts and principles to operate home automation systems. As the devices and equipment controlled by home automation solutions are electrical in nature, students will be provided with foundational training in electrical circuits and technology. Home automation kits and conventional lighting training kits will be used to support their learning.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Smart Electrical Technology.

Retail Operations

The subject provides students with an understanding of the key activities in a retail business environment. It also creates awareness of the expectations for providing excellent customer service. The content and skills of the subject is organised into three integrated learning domains: handling retail operations, selling products and services, and interacting with customers. Students will apply knowledge and skills in a simulated retail workplace setting.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering Retail Operations.

Advanced Elective Modules (AEM) & Elective Modules (EM)

AEM and EM enhance the learning experiences of our students and help them discover their strengths and interests. AEM are offered to Express and N(A) students while EM are offered to N(T) and N(A) students.

Advanced Elective Modules (AEM)

AEM are elective courses in applied areas developed by the five polytechnics in Singapore. These courses, each involving 30 hours of learning with polytechnic lecturers, give students the opportunity to apply the knowledge learnt to authentic learning contexts and help them discover their strengths and interests. AEM are classified under 5 broad clusters: Business, Engineering, Media & Design, Mathematics & Science and Information Technology.

More information on AEM may be found in the AEM Portal at the following link.

Elective Modules (EM)

EM were introduced to broaden the learning experiences of N(T) students. They extend and build on the learning of existing N(T) subjects and expose students to possible courses of study in ITE as well as new career pathways. About 30 hours in duration, EM are classified under 6 clusters mapped to the course offerings in ITE: Applied & Health Sciences, Business & Services, Design & Media, Engineering, Electronics & Info-communication Technology, and Hospitality. They may be delivered by ITE lecturers or external vendors.

Please refer to link for the list of EM offered by ITE in 2018.

Applied Learning Programme (ALP) and Learning for Life Programme (LLP)

The ALP and LLP provide opportunities for students to discover their strengths and interests, and to find greater relevance and motivation in their learning. They complement the schools’ core academic and student development programmes, and help students acquire a broad and deep foundation for life and lifelong learning. The linkages with the industries and various community sectors also allow students to experience and connect with the world beyond the school. With a more diverse school landscape, students will be able to choose from a range of schools with various distinctive strengths.

Applied Learning Programme (ALP)

The ALP help students appreciate the relevance and value of what they are learning in the academic curriculum to the real world, and develop stronger motivation and purpose to acquire knowledge and skills. The emphasis is on the application of thinking skills, integrating knowledge across subject disciplines, stretching the imagination and applying these in real-world settings in society and industries. Schools offer the ALP in focus areas such as Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM), Languages, Humanities, Business & Entrepreneurship and Aesthetics.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering ALP and their ALP focus areas.

Learning for Life Programme (LLP)

The LLP provides students with real-life experiences to develop character and values, cultivate positive attitudes, self-expression and strengthen their people skills. The LLP may be developed in focus areas such as Community & Youth Leadership, Music & Performing Arts, Visual Arts & Design and Sports & Outdoor Education.

Please refer to link for the list of schools offering LLP and their LLP focus areas.