MOE Framework for Sexuality Education

 Goals of Sexuality Education

The goals of Sexuality Education are to help our students:

  • Make wise, responsible and informed decisions by providing them with accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;
  • Know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through
    • acquiring social and emotional skills of self-awareness,
    • managing their thoughts, feelings and behaviours,
    • developing of empathy for others,
    • having of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and
  • Develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, by having positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

Key Messages of Sexuality Education

Sexuality Education aims to help students understand and achieve the following:

  • Love and respect themselves as they love and respect others;
  • Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);
  • Make responsible decisions for themselves, their family and society; and
  • Practise abstinence before marriage, as it is the best protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and unwanted pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt them and their loved ones.

Guiding Principles

MOE reviews the content and approaches in Sexuality Education periodically to ensure that it remains relevant for our students, while keeping to the following six guiding principles:

At Home
  • Parents play the primary role in educating their children and are responsible for teaching and transmission of values on sex and sexuality. Recognising that parents have a key role in the sexuality education of their children, they can exercise their choice to opt their children out of the school’s Sexuality Education programme;
In School
  • Our educators will impart knowledge, skills and values that reflect mainstream society’s views so that students will make informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters;
  • In accordance with our national values, Sexuality Education is based on the family as the basic unit of society – one made of healthy and respectful relationships between married couples as well as stable family units with good family ties and support;
  • Only specially-selected and trained teachers will teach Sexuality Education. These teachers are selected because they:
    • believe in the importance of Sexuality Education for students;
    • possess values that are aligned with MOE values in Sexuality Education;
    • are comfortable discussing sexuality issues; and
    • have healthy rapport with students and possess good facilitation skills.
In the community:
  • In recognition of our multi-racial and multi-religious society, students and teachers will respect the different attitudes, values and beliefs that different communities may have on sexuality; and
  • Relevant community resources that are in alignment with MOE’s Sexuality Education Framework and approved by MOE may be brought in to supplement schools’ Sexuality Education programmes.

How Sexuality Education is delivered

Sexuality Education requires concerted efforts from the home, school, and community. It should begin at home with parents, continue in schools with teachers, and be supplemented by community efforts (as represented in the diagram below).

sex-edu-diagram

In the diagram:

  • The child at the centre highlights the focus on the child for Sexuality Education. Anchored on the key values of love, respect and responsibility, Sexuality Education will help children learn to love and respect themselves, build healthy relationships and make responsible decisions in sexuality matters.
  • The themes in the outer ring are essential in our Sexuality Education curriculum, namely, Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and Culture, Society and Law. The requisite knowledge, skills and attitudes that show love, respect and responsibility will undergird each theme
  • The triangle represents partnership between home, school and community to educate a child. For Sexuality Education to be effective, it requires:
    • parent-ownership and quality parent-child communication at home;
    • supportive school leadership and a team of specially-selected and MOE-trained Sexuality Education teachers in the school; and
    • partnerships with relevant expertise from the community.