Fact: The new PSLE scoring system will not affect the curriculum and assessment standards of the PSLE.
MOE reviews the curriculum regularly to ensure that it is relevant and up-to-date. This will continue as per current practice and is independent of the changes to the PSLE scoring and S1 posting.
Fact: There is no passing or failing mark for each PSLE subject, or the PSLE as a whole.
The PSLE is a placement exam to guide students to take subjects in secondary school at levels that best suit their educational needs at the point of entry to secondary school. This will allow them to learn and progress at a comfortable pace.
A student who obtains a PSLE Score of 26 to 30, and scores an AL 7 or better in both English Language and Mathematics – or AL B or better at Foundation level for these subjects – can progress to the Normal (Technical) course in secondary school.
Fact: The AL bands are designed to reflect students’ stages of understanding and mastery of the particular subject, while ensuring meaningful S1 Posting outcomes.
The upper AL bands have a narrower raw mark range as slightly below half of the students taking Standard level subjects today score above 75. These narrower mark ranges are needed to avoid having too many students achieving the same PSLE Score, which may result in more tie-breaking to determine secondary school postings.
For the middle to lower AL bands, students’ scores are expected to be more widely distributed, and the wider raw mark ranges are sufficient to give a good indication of a student’s understanding and readiness for the next course of study.
The approach taken provides a balance between reducing undue differentiation between students’ exam results and ensuring meaningful posting outcomes.
Fact: The proportion of students qualifying for different courses under the new scoring system will remain largely similar to the T-score system.
Students will qualify for the respective courses as long as their PSLE Scores meet the placement criteria.
Under the new standards-referenced scoring system, if more students demonstrate the requisite level of achievement to cope with and benefit from a more demanding course, they will be eligible for that course.
Fact: Your child will take all subjects at the Express level if he/she is placed in the Express course.
Students whose PSLE Scores qualify them for the Express course will have demonstrated that they possess the overall ability to cope with the demands of the course. Hence, they may take all subjects at the Express level, even if they scored AL 6 to 8 for any of them at the PSLE.
Students whose PSLE Scores qualify them for the N(A) or N(T) courses may offer certain subjects at N(A) or Express level if they score AL 5 or better in a Standard level subject at the PSLE. They will be eligible to take the subject at the N(A) level, if they score AL 6 or better at the Standard level or AL A at the Foundation level in that subject at the PSLE.
Fact: Based on MOE’s simulations, about 9 in 10 students will not need to undergo balloting.
Posting to secondary school will still be based on academic merit. Tie-breakers are used only if there are two or more students with the same PSLE Score vying for the last available place(s) in a school.
Order of tie-breakers:
- Choice order
- Computerised balloting
Students will only be balloted when those vying for the last place(s) in the same school have the same PSLE Score, citizenship and choice order of schools.
Rationale and Intent of Changes
THE PSLE REMAINS A USEFUL CHECKPOINT
It gauges a student’s understanding of key concepts and academic strengths, and guides their future learning in secondary school.
- Primary school is a time when students develop foundation skills in literacy and numeracy, and acquire habits and skills that will help them learn in the future.
- At the end of primary school, students take the PSLE, which helps to determine where each child’s academic strengths lie. This in turn guides the child to a suitable academic programme in secondary school - one that best suits their learning needs. In this way, students can learn and progress at a comfortable pace.
- The PSLE result also serves as a fair and transparent mechanism to determine secondary school posting.
- We acknowledge that the PSLE is unable to assess many other attributes that are also important for work and life. This is why the new scoring system aims to reduce excessive focus on academic results.
THIS PROVIDES A GOOD BALANCE
- The standard curriculum in primary schools caters to the majority of students. Examinations such as the PSLE are used to assess the levels of understanding of students across a wide spectrum.
- Under the new Achievement Level (AL) system, the 8 ALs are designed to represent these levels in a broader manner. While we do not want to differentiate too finely between students examination results, we do want to get an idea of their progress after 6 years of primary school, so that they can be matched to suitable academic programmes in secondary school.
- For example, while there may not be any difference between a student who scores 65 and another who scores 66 marks in a subject, there is a difference between one who scores 65 and another who scores 75. We want to be able to recognise this difference.
- If there are too few ALs, there would be more students with the same PSLE Score, which would lead to more balloting in S1 posting. This would cause more anxiety among parents and students.
- 8 ALs, therefore, offer a good balance.
THEY PROVIDE MEANINGFUL DIFFERENTIATION
- The PSLE is also designed such that students are able to show what they can do. As we expect slightly below half of the PSLE cohort to score AL 1-4 for Standard subjects, the upper AL bands have comparatively narrower ranges even after grouping students into wider bands. At the middle to lower ALs, students’ scores are more widely distributed, hence finer distribution in raw mark ranges are less meaningful and would go against our goal to reduce fine differentiation between students’ examination results. The approach taken strikes a careful balance between reducing undue differentiation between students and ensuring meaningful secondary school posting outcomes.
|AL||Raw Mark Ranges|
|2||85 - 89|
|3||80 - 84|
|4||75 - 79|
|5||65 - 74|
|6||45 - 64|
|7||20 - 44|
- The PSLE is a checkpoint for a student’s learning. The AL bands reflect the way the curriculum and examinations are designed, where levels of understanding are not linear. The ALs reflect this reality of learning, where each band reflects a level of understanding of a subject. The ALs also provide an indication of the students’ readiness level for the next course of study.
FOCUS ON DOING YOUR BEST
- You may push a child towards the next band, but they may find it challenging to cope with the subject in secondary school. This can affect their morale in the longer run.
- It is better for the child to do their best, and move ahead, at a pace that is comfortable for them, rather than struggle to cope.
This way, the child is more likely to remain a lifelong learner.
- Similar to the T-score system, there are no pass or fail grades for individual PSLE subjects, or the PSLE as a whole.
- The PSLE is a useful checkpoint to gauge a child’s understanding of key concepts and academic strengths. It is also a placement exam to determine the most appropriate course and subject level for a student, based on the student's educational needs at the point of entry to secondary school.
- A student who obtains a PSLE Score of 26 to 30, and scores an AL 7 or better in both English Language and Mathematics - or an AL B at the Foundation level for these subjects – can progress to secondary school, and would be eligible for the Normal (Technical) [N(T)] course.
- Similar to the T-score system, students who are not eligible for Express, N(A) or N(T) would be offered the option to repeat the PSLE, or progress to NorthLight School or Assumption Pathway School with their principal’s endorsement.
- Regardless of the placement outcome of the child, there is flexibility within our system. Schools continually monitor the progress of our students to develop them to their fullest potential. As early as the middle of Secondary 1, students who are placed in N(A) or N(T) and do well may be allowed to do selected subjects at the Express or N(A) level respectively. They could also transfer to a more demanding course, if they demonstrate that they are able to cope with the curriculum.
- No, it is not harder to qualify for Express under the new system, as the new scoring changes will not affect the curriculum, assessment standards and the rigour of the PSLE.
- Under the new standards-referenced scoring system, if more students demonstrate the requisite level of achievement to cope with and benefit from a more demanding course, more of them will be eligible for that course.
- The proportions of students qualifying for different courses under the new system are expected to be largely similar to the T-score system.
PROVIDING CONFIDENCE AND BUILDING STRONG FUNDAMENTALS FOR STUDENTS
- Foundation level subjects support the learning needs of students to focus on building up strong fundamentals in these subjects and better prepare them for progression to secondary school.
- Students will qualify for the respective courses as long as their PSLE Score meet the placement criteria (See corresponding table).
- It is possible for students to qualify for Express or N(A) course even if they take one or more subjects at the Foundation level.
- Students should thus decide whether to take a subject at Standard or Foundation level based on their aptitude and ability to cope with the demands of that particular subject.
|Placement Outcome||PSLE Score|
|Express||4 - 20|
|21 - 22|
|N(A)||23 - 24|
|N(A) / N(T) OPTION||25|
|N(T)||26 - 30, with AL7 or better in both English Language and Mathematics|
SCORING FOR FOUNDATION LEVEL SUBJECTS
- The AL bands for Foundation subjects reflect their curriculum and assessment load, relative to Standard subjects. Thus, AL A, B and C for Foundation subjects are pegged to AL 6, 7 and 8 for Standard subjects respectively. With just three AL bands for Foundation subjects, the mark range for each AL will naturally be wide. Because of the nature of the foundational level of these subjects, it is not meaningful to further differentiate students via more ALs. Moreover, this would run counter to the overall objective of reducing fine differentiation.
- The ALs also provide an indication of the students’ readiness level for the next course of study. For example, students who scores AL A for a Foundation subject would have demonstrated the ability to cope with the subject’s N(A) curriculum in secondary school.
|Grades for Foundation||Foundation Raw Mark Range||Equivalent Standard Level AL|
|A||75 - 100||6|
THE PSLE SCORING AND SEC 1 POSTING CHANGES WILL NOT AFFECT:
- The curriculum
- The subjects tested at the PSLE
- The demand of the PSLE on students
However, MOE does review the curriculum regularly to ensure that our curriculum is relevant and up-to-date. This will continue as per current practice.
English Language and Mathematics are critical for building strong foundations in literacy and numeracy, in order for the child to access future education options. A grade of AL 7 or better in these subjects indicates that the student possesses the foundational knowledge and skills to cope with the demands of the secondary school curriculum.
SBB (Secondary) Eligibility Criteria
The Subject-Based Banding (Secondary) eligibility criteria are aimed at identifying students who are stronger in specific subjects, and who are likely to benefit from taking these subjects at a more demanding level so that they can further build on their strengths.
The AL 5 or better eligibility criterion for students to take a subject at the Express level is consistent with the course placement criteria under the new scoring system. This indicates that a student is likely to be able to cope with the subject at a more demanding level. A student who achieves a PSLE Score of 20 (i.e. an average of AL 5 for each subject) would qualify for the Express course, where the student would take all subjects at the Express-level by default. Therefore, AL 5 is used as the qualifying grade to assess if students from other courses are ready to take the subject at the Express level.
The same principle applies to the AL 6 eligibility criterion for a student placed in the Normal (Technical) course to take subjects at the Normal (Academic) level.
Students are eligible for Subject-Based Banding (Secondary) [SBB (Sec)] subjects at multiple points throughout their secondary school education. The first point they may be eligible is at the start of Sec 1 based on their individual subject scores at the PSLE. Subsequently, they have opportunities to be identified for SBB (Sec) subjects in the middle of Sec 1, start of Sec 2, and so on, based on their performance in school.
The school will work with them to ensure that they take the subject at the appropriate level.
Schools employ a variety of approaches to help students taking subjects at a more demanding level under Subject-Based Banding (Secondary) [SBB(Sec)] adjust both academically and emotionally. Support measures may include:
- Bridging and remedial lessons where necessary;
- Regular dialogue sessions with students to motivate them as well as to allow them to surface their learning concerns; and
- Monitoring of student well-being and academic progress, both for the subject(s) at the more demanding level as well as the remaining subjects.
Eligible students will be offered to take subjects at a more demanding level at four different junctures:
- Start of Secondary 1
- Mid-point of Secondary 1
- End of Secondary 1
- End of Secondary 2
Similar to current practice, upon meeting the eligibility criteria, schools will issue a letter of offer for the respective subjects to parents of eligible students. Parents can then decide whether to accept the offer for the child to take up subjects at a more demanding level.
Parents are encouraged to contact their child’s school should they have any queries regarding the child’s eligibility, and to also consult the school before deciding if they would accept the offer.